Yemen is the only country in which
coffee is grown in a climate and an environment which are not
similar to those in which coffee trees are cultivated in other areas
around the world . Yemenis still utilize primitive methods which
were used by their ancestors to grow coffee . besides , scarcity of
water is a very common phenomenon in Yemen , yet Yemeni farmers
produce the best coffee ( known as the Arab coffee ) in the world .
Yemeni coffee is grown in most
governorates , the most famous of which are : Bani Mater ,Yafe'e
,Haraz , Inner and Outer Haimateen , Bura'a , Bani Hammad , Amran ,
etc . Additionally , the Yemeni coffee has different sizes , shapes
, names , and types depending on the areas in which it is grown .
The most famous types of Yemeni coffee are : Materi , Yafe'e Haimi ,
Harazi , Ismaili , Ahjuri , Mahweeti Bura'ai , Hammadi , Raimi ,
Wasabi , Anisi , Odaini , Sabri , and Sa'adi .
The Ministry of Agriculture allocates
an estimated area of 33,260 hectares for growing coffee in yemen .
It is grown in valleys where the climate is warm and humid and in
terraces and mountains ranging from 700 to 2400 kilometers above
sea level .
Thousands of Yemeni families depend
on coffee to improve their income ; almost one million individuals
are involved in growing and exporting coffee . The production of
Yemeni coffee increased in 2006 , so it reached 17292 tons according
to the official estimates . the total revenue gained from exported
coffee in 2006 was YR 5,136,772,000. Despite all the obstacles that
face Yemeni coffee , it is the second commodity after oil that Yemen
exports to the rest of the world . Yemeni coffee is exported to the
Gulf States , Saudi Arabia , Japan , the United states , Canada ,
Russia , France ,Italy ,Denmark , Germany , Turkey , and India .
An Invitation for Communication
and Cooperation :
To help Yemeni coffee , it is
essential to join forces in a joint-venture similar to what the
ancient Yemenis had done to establish their civilizations .
Therefore , becoming a member of the Yemeni coffee Association is
open for all concerned people , farmers , producers , marketing
experts , merchants , manufacturers , exporters , etc . Besides ,
financial and technical cooperation is welcomed to help the member
of the Yemeni coffee Association to overcome the challenges that the
Yemeni coffee faces . The association aims at improving the quality
of the Yemeni coffee to regain its position and good reputation
locally and internationally .
Yemeni coffee : challenges
Since the second half of the last
century , Yemeni coffee has been facing great challenges threatening
the existence of the coffee tree .This caused a decline in its
plantation and production . Consequently , coffee production and
marketing will decline and Yemen will remain at the bottom of list
of the coffee producer counties . The numerous challenges and
obstacles behind the decline of Yemeni coffee production are
attributed to the following reasons :